Last Modified

January 14, 2024 by Umair Shahid

Sugar gliders have won the affection of many admirers with their big eyes, fluffy tails, and the cool way they glide between trees. Some folks might mistake them for rodents because of their size and appearance, but they’re actually more like kangaroos. Despite their charm, there’s a widespread belief that sugar gliders are dangerous. 

That’s just not true. They’re not venomous, toxic, or harmful in that way. Nevertheless, like any pet, they need proper care to stay healthy, and you need to handle them correctly too. In this article, we’ll clear up the misunderstanding about sugar gliders being poisonous, talk about possible health concerns, and share some tips on taking care of these captivating creatures safely.

Are Sugar Gliders Poisonous

Are Sugar Gliders Poisonous?

Sugar gliders aren’t harmful in terms of being poisonous, toxic, or venomous. They don’t produce any dangerous substances that could be a threat to people or other animals. However, it’s important to know that sugar gliders can carry and spread certain diseases and infections.

These little creatures can be affected by various bacterial infections, like those caused by Pasteurella multocida, staphylococci, streptococci, Mycobacterium sp, Klebsiella sp, and Clostridium. These bacteria may lead to symptoms such as sadness, loss of appetite, and weight loss in sugar gliders. In some instances, humans can catch these infections, especially if they get bitten or scratched by a sugar glider.

One specific disease to be cautious about is leptospirosis, which sugar gliders can potentially transmit to humans. This bacterial disease can be passed on if people come into contact with water or food contaminated by the urine of an infected sugar glider. Symptoms in humans may include fever, kidney issues, and liver problems.

A sugar glider can also carry other zoonotic diseases, which are diseases that can be transmitted from one animal to another. One example is salmonellosis, a bacterial disease that can cause symptoms like diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps in humans.

Even though sugar gliders themselves aren’t poisonous, it’s crucial for those thinking about having them as pets to understand the health risks involved. Taking proper precautions in handling, maintaining hygiene, and providing care can significantly reduce the chances of disease transmission.

Health Risks Associated with Sugar Gliders

Sugar gliders can face various health issues, and some of these concerns can be passed on to humans. Common problems in sugar gliders include:

  1. Bacterial Infections: Sugar gliders may get infected by bacteria like Pasteurella multocida, staphylococci, streptococci, Mycobacterium sp, Klebsiella sp, and Clostridium. Symptoms can include depression, loss of appetite, and weight loss.
  2. Parasitic Infections: Giardiasis, a protozoan parasite, is common in sugar gliders, causing symptoms like diarrhea, weight loss, lethargy, dehydration, and loss of appetite.
  3. Nutritional Imbalances: Issues like malnutrition, obesity, and imbalances in vitamins and minerals can lead to problems such as metabolic bone disease.
  4. Urinary Tract Disorders: Sugar gliders may develop disorders like cystitis, crystalluria, and urolithiasis, resulting in symptoms like hematuria, stranguria, and dysuria.

Some of these diseases can be transmitted to humans. For instance, sugar gliders can carry zoonotic diseases like leptospirosis and salmonellosis. Leptospirosis can be transmitted through contact with water or food contaminated by the urine of an infected sugar glider. Salmonellosis can be transmitted through contact with sugar glider feces or their bodies.

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To minimize the risk of disease transmission, it’s crucial to practice proper handling, hygiene, and care when interacting with sugar gliders. This helps ensure the well-being of both the sugar gliders and the people around them.

Safety Measures When Handling Sugar Gliders

When interacting with your sugar glider, it’s vital to prioritize their safety and well-being, as well as your own. To ensure a positive and secure interaction, consider the following tips:

  1. Allow Adjustment Time: Give your sugar glider the time it needs to get used to its new surroundings before attempting to handle it. This helps establish trust and reduces stress for your glider.
  2. Use a Mitt or Pouch: Gliders feel secure in enclosed spaces, so using a mitt or pouch during handling can make them feel safe and prevent accidental scratching or biting.
  3. Avoid Startling Gestures: Sugar gliders may get nervous if fingers are extended towards them. Instead, let them approach you on their terms to minimize the risk of a startled reaction.
  4. Maintain Proper Hygiene: Always wash your hands before and after handling your sugar glider to prevent the transfer of bacteria or toxins. This is crucial for both your safety and the well-being of your pet.
  5. Prevent Biting: Biting in sugar gliders is often a sign of fear or discomfort. Ensuring a calm and gentle approach, especially during the initial bonding stages, can help minimize the risk of being bitten.

By adhering to these safety measures and handling tips, you can cultivate a positive and secure relationship with your sugar glider while minimizing the risk of accidents or injuries.


Sugar gliders are not poisonous, and they pose no venomous or toxic threat to humans. Nevertheless, they can harbor diseases and infections that may present health risks for both the gliders and their owners. Recognizing these potential health issues underscores the importance of comprehending the specific care needs and risks associated with having sugar gliders as pets.

Owners can mitigate the risk of disease transmission and safeguard the well-being of these captivating creatures by adhering to proper handling practices, maintaining hygiene, and ensuring they receive appropriate veterinary care. Owning sugar gliders requires a holistic understanding of the responsibilities and potential health considerations involved. It is crucial to approach pet ownership with diligence, and sugar gliders are no exception.


I am a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and have a keen interest in animal health care. Working as a veterinary content writer, I intend to stay with professional approach in producing quality content. I like research-based reading and currently seeking my veterinary profession. My hobbies are travelling to exotic places and observing nature to the fullest.

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