Last Modified

January 2, 2024 by Umair Shahid

Sugar gliders, those small, lively marsupials, have become quite popular as exotic pets lately. Their big eyes, special gliding skills, and friendly demeanor have stirred both interest and debate among pet lovers. Originally from Australia, Indonesia, and New Guinea, sugar gliders are famous for forming strong bonds with their human families when given the right care, stimulation, and social interaction.

 Yet, as discussions persist about whether they make suitable pets, it’s crucial for potential owners to grasp the distinct difficulties and obligations that come with looking after these captivating creatures. Sugar gliders can pose health risks and be potentially hazardous to humans. 

Therefore, individuals thinking about getting one must gather all the necessary information beforehand. This article delves into the topic of sugar gliders as pets, highlighting the potential dangers they pose to humans and addressing the challenges associated with owning these endearing animals.

Are sugar gliders dangerous to humans

Sugar Gliders as Pets

Sugar gliders, petite marsupials active during the night, originate from Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea, where they thrive in diverse environments like rainforests, eucalypt forests, and woodlands. Renowned for their sociable tendencies, these creatures form colonies of 15 to 30 members in their natural habitat. 

As domestic companions, sugar gliders crave company, making it advisable to adopt them in pairs or small groups to avert stress-related behaviors like aggression and fear. Legal restrictions on sugar glider ownership exist in certain regions. 

Regulations regarding breeding, selling, and owning exotic pets can undergo annual changes, varying not only between states but also among local, city, and county jurisdictions. It’s imperative to consult relevant government bodies to confirm the permissibility of owning sugar gliders in your locality.

Potential Dangers and Risks

While sugar gliders are generally affable and sociable creatures, instances of biting behavior may arise, particularly in the early stages of ownership or when they sense a threat or fear. It’s crucial to recognize that what might appear as aggression is frequently a fear-driven defensive response. Being prey animals, sugar gliders may resort to biting as a protective measure when they feel endangered. 

In social settings, where sugar gliders form strong bonds with their own kind, they can exhibit pronounced aggression towards humans, especially if they perceive them as threats to their territory or group. It’s pertinent to acknowledge that sugar gliders may undergo a phase of “teenage nippiness,” resuming biting behavior after a period of good conduct. This is commonly linked to puberty and the testing of boundaries.

Health Risks to Humans

Sugar gliders, much like various other pets, can be carriers of diseases that pose a risk to humans. Among the illnesses they may transmit are Salmonella, Giardiasis, and Leptospirosis. Salmonella, a bacterial infection, manifests in humans with symptoms like diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. 

Sugar gliders can harbor Salmonella bacteria in their feces and on their bodies. To prevent Salmonella infection, practicing good hygiene is paramount—ensuring thorough handwashing after interacting with a sugar glider or tending to its living space. Giardiasis, an intestinal infection caused by the Giardia parasite, can be contracted by sugar gliders and transmitted to humans through fecal-oral contact. 

Maintaining hygienic living conditions for the sugar glider and rigorous handwashing after handling or cleaning are key preventive measures. Leptospirosis, a bacterial disease, presents symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, jaundice, red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rash in humans. 

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Sugar gliders can carry Leptospirosis and transmit it to humans through contact with contaminated water or food. To avert Leptospirosis, avoiding contact with the infected sugar glider’s urine and ensuring a clean living environment for the animal are essential precautions.

Ethical Concerns

Sugar gliders, small marsupials native to Australia, New Guinea, and Indonesia, are commonly chosen as pets. However, ethical concerns surround this practice. Firstly, sugar gliders are not domesticated and have not evolved alongside humans. 

Their captivity needs mirror those of their wild counterparts, considering them as wildlife originating from the forests of Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and various regions in Australia. Secondly, their intricate dietary requirements, ranging from eucalyptus sap to insects in the wild, demand careful attention in captivity. A balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, and protein is essential to prevent diseases like obesity and malnutrition. 

Additionally, their highly social nature means they thrive in groups, and solitary gliders may exhibit signs of clinical depression. Lastly, as arboreal creatures, sugar gliders are adapted to tree-dwelling, making conventional pet cages inadequate substitutes. 

Therefore, while having sugar gliders as pets is possible, it’s crucial to consider the ethical dimensions. These creatures necessitate specialized care for their social and dietary needs, prompting potential owners to be fully prepared and mindful of the ethical implications tied to domesticating wild animals.


Sugar gliders, with their enchanting eyes, playful demeanor, and distinctive gliding prowess, can be captivating companions. When provided with proper care and surroundings, these social beings can forge strong bonds with their human caretakers. However, embracing a sugar glider into your life is a decision that demands careful consideration.

On the one hand, these creatures can bring immense joy and companionship, boasting intelligence, activity, and a substantial lifespan of up to 15 years in captivity. Their unique behaviors and social interactions offer continuous entertainment and bonding opportunities.

On the flip side, owning a sugar glider necessitates a significant commitment in terms of time, resources, and understanding. Their intricate dietary requirements need ample living space, and the necessity for mental stimulation is crucial for maintaining their well-being and happiness. Additionally, there’s the concern of potential disease transmission to humans, coupled with the risk of biting behavior, particularly during the initial stages of ownership.

Furthermore, ethical considerations come into play. Sugar gliders aren’t domesticated animals and haven’t evolved alongside humans. Many owners find themselves ill-prepared for the specialized care and diet these creatures require, leading to health complications and stress.

Hence, while sugar gliders can undoubtedly be fantastic companions for the right individual, they aren’t a suitable fit for everyone.



I am a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and have a keen interest in animal health care. Working as a veterinary content writer, I intend to stay with professional approach in producing quality content. I like research-based reading and currently seeking my veterinary profession. My hobbies are travelling to exotic places and observing nature to the fullest.

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